x
=
4 6
3 5
(Please note some solutions are dependent on images and are omitted here. If you need a
particular solution please e-mail).

Volume 11

CIRCA 31: Solutions

Front cover/Bags o' treasure:
The kilo of rubies is worth the most (£60.00).

This is how to work it out:

Pearls
100 grams £5.00 (x10 = kilo) = £50

Emeralds
250 grams £10.00 (x4 = kilo) = £40

Rubies
500 grams £30 (x 2 = kilo)) = £60

Pages 2 and 3/Why pirates loved division
Pirate maths quiz
1. 128 reales (B)
2. 100 reales (O)
3. 7 doubloons (N)
4. 36 rings (E)
5. 216 rings (S)

The letters spell out BONES, a common name for a doctor
on board a ship. It’s the name used for the ship’s surgeon
Dr Leonard McCoy in the TV series Startrek.


Pages 4 and 5/
Multiplication hunt
Put into the correct order the pirates’ initials spell out EYEPATCH)


Page 6 and 7/Divide 'em up!
On the ship: 2 bars of soap, 95 minutes is nearer a third,
2 apples each, 2 barrels of water.

Quick Quiz
(A) 50 pots (B) 14 strips (C) 17 jars

Making division easier
(1) = (B)
(2) = (A)
(3) = (D)
(4) = (C)

Page 8 and 9/Danger in the China Seas
Charging Bull’s journey
1. (7,2) 2. (3,9) 3. (7,18) 4. (10,17) 5. (10,14)
6. (12,11) 7. (11,10)

Little Dragon’s journey
1. (11,1) 2. (5,9) 3. (7,12) 4. (15,15) 5. (18,9)
6. (15,6) 7. (9,9)

The order of the pictures are T, E, A, C, U, P then S.
It spells out ‘teacups’.

Pages 10 and 11/Adventure maze
No solutions

Pages 12 and 13/The smuggler's downfall
8 orders for tea: 2 kg each,
4 kg left over,
6 orders for brandy: 3 bottles
each, 1 bottle left over,
3 orders for spoons: 8 each,
2 spoons left over,
4 orders for sugar:
7 kg each, 2 kg left over,
2 orders for spice: 2 kg each, 1 kg left over.

Charlie Cheatum would have pile D on him.

Pages 14 /What am I?
1. Fewer, 2. Lap, 3. Fire, 4. Iceberg, 5. Wind, 6. Cipher,
7. Candle, 8. Echo


Pages 14 and 15 /Are you puzzled?
Missing operations
8 ÷ 2 x 6 + 4 = 28
6 ÷ 2 x 7 + 7 = 28
7 x 6 ÷ 3 + 14 = 28


Place the pieces

7 1 8 2

There are other solutions.

Missing coins
There are 23 coins missing

Twin fish
The two identical fish are (5) and (13).

Sum bones
9 - 5 = 4

6 ÷ 3 = 2

7 + 1 = 8

Rope ladder
They will reach the the crow’s nest at the same time as they both climb
a distance of one and a half rungs per second.

Rum bottle
Long John throws it straight up into the air.

Sum to fifteen
2 9 4

7 5 3
6 1 8

Page 16 (back cover)/A pirate code
The message from H. Avealaugh (Have a laugh) is in the form of a scrambled cipher.
Read every second letter. only. There are no word spaces or punctuation, and continues
back to the start again.

UTNHEEYTORUEWAISSUHRTE
H
WEANSGFEOTUANJDOLBOAN
N
GDAWGOORIKFFAOFROIRTT


The message reads: The treasure has been found long ago if a fortune you wish then
get a job and work for it TOP.


CIRCA 32: Solutions

Front cover/Flop and Blop:
Blop weighs 121 kg (and Flop weighs 120kg).

Pages 2 and 3/Units of measure
(1) kg, (2) cm, (3) l, (4) ml, (5) mg, (6) m

When you match the correct weights you will spell out the word METRIC.


Pages 4 and 5/
Measure up
(1) B, (2) F, (3) H, (4) L, (5) M, (6) R, (7) T

The secret product is CATSUIT.


Page 6 and 7/Reading time
1. A (2 h 25 min) 2. C (4) 3. W (6 h)
4. H (215 drips) 5. T (240 s)

ACWHA re-arranged spells out WATCH.)

Page 8 and 9/Mouse maze
Please e-mail for solutions.

Pages 10 and 11/An Egyptian ruler
Cubit Quiz
1. A, 2. Y, 3. M, 4. P, 5. D, 6. R, 7. I

The correct answers spell out PYRAMID
.

Pages 12 and 13/X-factor
(1) Who brought the X-factor?
The answer is given in the magazine article.

(2) How much X-factor was used?
First take the hint and convert all the weights into the same unit measure:
0.5 kg = 500g and 0.05 kg = 50g or 50g = 0.05 kg.
From this we can see that two amounts are the same.
X-factor can’t be used in the same amount as any other ingredient.
Filling in the matrix tells us that 0.5 kg (500g) of X-factor was used.

(3) What did Chris have for lunch?
Clue 2 tells us to cross off beef for Jo. Clue 3 means that we can dismiss
the roll for Mel and clue 4 tells us that Chris didn’t have ham. From clue 5
we learn that Jo had white bread, which means Mel must have had brown
leaving Chris with the roll. Back to clue 1, beef is eliminated leaving only
cheese for Chris and beef for Mel. Which means Jo had ham.
So, Chris had a cheese roll for lunch.

(4) Who played the organ at the fabulous do?
If you carefully read all four verses you will discover that there are
three pairings matching Anna, Chrissy and Sue to (1) colour (2) shoes and (3) musical instruments:
COLOUR: Red, blue and yellow,
SHOE STYLE: Heels, flat and boots,
INSTRUMENT: Drums, flute and keyboard.

Then you can deduce...
SHOE STYLE: Anna wore heels (verse 2), Chrissy wore boots (verse 3) and, thus,
by elimination Sue wore flat shoes.

COLOUR: Sue was wearing yellow (verse 2) and Anna wasn’t wearing red (verse 3)
so by elimination she was in blue. This leaves Chrissy in red.

INSTRUMENT: Chrissy was in boots so she was on the drums (verse 4) and Sue
was in yellow so she was playing the flute. Which leaves the girl in blue, Anna,
playing the keyboard.

Pages 14 and 15 /Are you puzzled?

Twin monitors
The twin monitors are (1) and (11).

Spaceships
The three consecutive numbers are: 29, 30 and 31
.

Finding rectangles
(C) 15 rectangles and (D) 36 rectangles.


Trivides
The rule is add the two numbers at the bottom of a triangle and divide the sum by
the top number. The middle numbers are (left to right): 4, 5, 2, 8, 3 and 6.


Get to 100 ten times
There are at least 10 different routes that sum to 100.
(1) 15, 13, 35, 17, 20 (shortest
(2) 12, 6, 28, 8, 26, 20
(3) 12, 6, 14, 40, 8, 20
(4) 15, 1, 35, 8, 21, 20
(5) 12, 15, 1, 35, 17, 20
(6) 12, 15, 1, 13, 8, 26, 20, 5
(7) 10, 1, 3, 27, 37, 17, 5
(8) 10, 15, 6, 14, 9, 7, 19, 20
(9) 15, 13, 8, 21, 20, 23
(10) 12, 15, 8, 26, 19, 20


Drinks at the Mars Bar
9 Urbols (9 heads and 18 arms) and 6 Orbols (6 heads and
24 arms) had a drink at the Mars Bar.

Page 16 (back cover)/Drip, drip, drip...
There had been 5 sunny days.

2 cloudy days and 5 sunny days means:
(2 x 600 ml) + (5 x 200 ml) which is the only combination giving 2200 ml for the seven days.
TOP.


CIRCA 33: Solutions

Front cover/Maya mystery
The missing number is (13).

Happy face: 5
Angry face: 4
Neutral face: 3

Pages 2 and 3/Maya maths
Maya number
Columbus first sighted the ‘New World’ (West Indies) in 1492. For information: Columbus reached
South America in 1498. There are two possible explanations for the origins of America as the name
for the ‘New World’. (1) It is named after the Florentine explorer and navigator Amerigo Vespucci .
(2) It is named after a Bristol merchant, Richard Amerike, who financed voyages of the explorer
John Cabot, who landed on Newfoundland in 1497.

Find twenties
There are 15 groupings of twenty.
5 vertical, 6 horizontal, 3 left-to-right diagonals and 1 right-to-left diagonal.

Maya count quiz
There are (5) 37 beans, (2) 29 beads in necklace, (7) 28 stones, (4) 46 seeds, (3) 13 ears of corn,
(8) 64 patterns on cloth, (1) 20 chillies and (6) 32 feathers.
L is 13, E is 46, R is 64, C is 20, A is 28, N is 37, D is 32 and A is 29.
They spell out CALENDAR.


Pages 4 and 5/
Let's go 2 Mexico
Web site itinerary
The customer’s photos rearranged would spell out the word MIXTEC (this empire flourished in the
highlands of southern Mexico from about 800 AD until 1521 AD and the people were noted for their
use of metal, unlike the Maya).

This activity requires extracting and interpreting data from the itinerary.

Best month
The month that would suit Don and Dora best would probably be February, when the temperature
does not reach 30° in Cancun, the rainfall is not too high in Belize, the hurricane season is over,
and it’s also slightly warmer in Guatemala.


Page 6 and 7/Mexico maze
Juan (÷2) is going to the Island of Light (0.75).
Carlos (÷5) is going to the Island of Dreams (0.4).
Maria (÷4) is going to the Island of Songs (0.25).
Rosa (÷6) is going to the Island of Birds (0.5).
Pedro (÷10) is going to the Island of Flowers (0.15).)

Page 8 and 9/Fantasy Pok-a-tok
The Data Table
Sorting out this information should result in discovering that six of the players have good ratings
in all the right categories and their initials (Over Sun, Big Nose, Unbeaten, No Fear, Easy Runner
and Curl Head (names taken from historical Maya data) can be rearranged to spell BOUNCE.
Showing the data as a bar graph would illustrate which qualities are shared by most players;
how few can actually score; and so on. Some comparisons could be also shown in a Venn diagram.

Incidental questions
Using the data table you can see that Over Sun has a 2 in 6
scoring average whilst Unbeaten has a 3 in 7 (to compare the ratios we could say 7:21
and 9:21 or 1:3 with 1:21/3 ). So Unbeaten is more likely to score. Though there is an argument
to be made that Over Sun has had more shots at goal than Unbeaten.

Pages 10 and 11/Beinvenides PotteryTable average: 2 (mode)
Jug average: 15 cm (median)
Tile time: 8 minutes
Average day: 52.4 average sales per day

Pay rise
10% using the median is 4 pesos.
10% using the mean is 4.6 pesos
10% using the mode is 5 pesos.

The Junior will do best. Even using the median his hourly rate will go up by nearly 25%
to 24 pesos and 60 centavos* an hour.

*The peso is divided into 100 centavos.

Pages 12 and 13/Treasure traill
The route is 1435276 and the treasure item is DIAMOND.
The route: (1) GO TO FOUR (pig-pen), (4) NEXT GO TO THREE (letter dotting),
(3) NEXT VISIT NUMBER FIVE (keyboard code), (5) NEXT TO TWO (kriss-kross),
(2) SEVEN (riddle), NEXT TO NUMBER SIX YOU MUST GO (backwards code),
(6) STOP HERE (mirror code).

Pages 14 and 15 /Are you puzzled?
Differences
2. plate missing from doorway,
3. pattern on jar near door,
4. Sun has moved,
5. loop missing from under dog’s chin and
6. baby’s arm is inside shawl.


Barrel puzzle
Put a hole in it!

Designs in the sand
C will complete the row.

Wagon train
Second, of course!.

What is it?
A die* (dice). 1 to 6 are the number of spots on the different faces of the die, opposites
make 7 because each pair of sides always sum to 7 (1 and 6, 2 and 5, 3 and 4), sums to 21 is
the number of spots found on a die.

* Dice is the plural, the correct term is die. However, dice for the singular is in such common
usage that it is totally acceptable.

Shield design
Many solutions are possible.

WANTED
Tom is the robber. Here’s why:

Each of the four only makes ONE false statement, so...

Tom’s statements:
If we do this clue first we can’t be sure which is the lie. Sue could be the robber (lie) and him not,
or vice versa. We need to read the next clues to find out.
Willy’s statements:
If Willy did it, then his second statement would also be a lie, so the first is TRUE.
Jill’s statements:
Now we know it isn’t Willy (nor Jill) her second statement must be a lie (‘Tom’s not the robber’).
Sue’s statements:
We know it’s not Jill because she would then be lying twice, so she’s lying about herself.

Tortilla split
Pedro made a pile of 18 tortillas.

You may come up with a solution of 16 tortillas. What you have missed is that 3 is in fact half
of what was left LESS one. The same goes for the initial division.

Muddle months
In a dictionary!

How many buckets?
80 buckets

Page 16 (back cover)/Know your tables
Alice will have to push 9 tables together to make a line.

Pushing 2 tables together looses 2 seats, i.e. instead of seating 8 they only seat 6.
Each extra table will only seat (comfortably) a further 2 people.

TOP.